The oil (sebum) in our skin is made by sebaceous glands that reside in our hair follicles. When cellular debris blocks pores, the sebum becomes trapped. Bacteria feed on sebum then multiply.
The result is a comedone.
Click here to find out more about acne treatment options for:
- Bacteria management – increase recovery rate and improve wound healing
- Acne Scarring – linked to collagen depletion in the area of the acne lesion
- Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation – Linked to trauma of the acne lesion as melanocytes become activated in the immune process.
Acne and skin problems may not be life-threatening, but they’re associated with depression, anxiety, and social isolation.
Types of Acne
Types of Acne
Papules: Pink or red bumps without a white or yellow centre.
Pustules: Red bumps with a white or yellow centre of pus. Pustules are formed when the plug inside a pore traps oil and bacteria, which draws white blood cells to the area to fight infection. Pus is made up of dead white blood cells.
Cysts and nodules: Larger (and often painful) acne lesions that extend into the deeper skin layers. Cysts and nodules can last for months, destroy the follicle and lead to permanent scars.
Blackheads and whiteheads (aka open and closed comedones) occur when a plug made up of sebum and dead skin cells can be seen inside a follicle (pore), but does not cause any inflammation or redness.
Blackheads: If the plug enlarges and stretches the pore, it is referred to as a blackhead. Blackheads aren’t trapped dirt. Rather, the dark color is a build-up of melanin and oxidized oil.
Whiteheads: When a thin cover of skin traps the plug, it prevents the oil from oxidizing. This keeps it white and creates a whitehead.
Teen Acne vs Adult Acne
Adult skin is different than teenage skin. It produces less oil, has a slower rate of cell turnover, and heals at a different rate. Products designed for teenage skin are often too harsh for adults, so using them can lead to irritation and dryness. At the same time, adults are concerned with visible signs of ageing like fine lines, wrinkles and uneven skin tone.
Does the Gut-Brain-Skin Axis hold the secret to naturally get rid of acne? Receive your specific nutritional needs for long-term skin health goals.
The enzyme 5-alpha reductase plays a vital role in the production of sebum and is directly affected by hormones.
Women often experience fluctuating hormone levels around the time of their periods, during pregnancy and in the years surrounding menopause. Switching or stopping birth control pills also causes hormonal changes.