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Archive for June, 2015

Fertility After IUD, Risks & Side-Effects

What are IUDs?

Fertility after IUDs, issues getting pregnant after long term use? IUD is a birth control device. IUDs prevent a woman’s eggs from being fertilised by causing damage or even killing sperm. Most women using these modern methods of birth control are asking about their fertility after IUD usage. There are generally two types of IUDs:

Copper IUD Paragard
Hormonal IUD or Hormonal IUS Mirena or Skyla 

IUDs have an impact to the lining which prevents the implantation and development of a fertilised egg/s. Modern IUDS: Copper and hormonal. Copper IUDs take their name after the same material that covers the stem of the device. Copper causes the fallopian tubes and uterus to produce a type of fluid that kills sperms. Copper IUDs have the longest effectivity of up to 10 years. 

Fertility After IUDs

Pregnancy after Copper IUD removal
Return to fertility after discontinuation of use of the Copper IUD or Multiload Cu-250 intrauterine device was found to be excellent in this study . This was the conclusion of a seven-year study of 55 pregnancies involving 53 MLCu250 users who had their devices removed because they wanted another child.

The overwhelming finding has been that there is no impairment of fertility caused by use of an IUD.1),2)-7) In a recently published review of IUD use and its effect on fertility, randomised trials found a 92% to 100% pregnancy rate, and a case series found a 95% to 96% pregnancy rate by the end of study follow-up.37 A study that evaluated both types of IUDs – copper IUD and Hormonal IUS – found the median time to conception was 3 months for the copper-containing IUD group and 4 months for the levonorgestrel-releasing IUD group, with a life table estimate of the cumulative pregnancy rate at 12 months to be 91.1% and 96.4% for the copper-containing and levonorgestrel-releasing IUDs, respectively.8) The mean time to conception after IUD removal in a different prospective cohort study was 5.4 months.4)

Pregnancy after hormonal IUS and Copper IUD Removal

The majority of evidence supports that the duration of IUD use does not affect the return to fertility.1),3)-7) Doll et al, however, found that long-term IUD use in nulliparous (i.e a woman who has never given birth to a viable, or live, infant) women is associated with impaired fertility.9) Their study was linked to the Oxford-FPA study and focused on nulliparous women and therefore the effects on these women’s fertility as it relates to a first time pregnancy following discontinued use and measured duration of use of the IUD compared with OCPs. Although there was no association between fertility and duration of OCP use, increased duration of IUD use had a significant linear trend of increased impairment of fertility during the first 30 months after IUD removal. The greatest impairment of fertility was found with use for 78 months or longer. Hassan and Killick found the opposite result: women with short-term (<2 years) use of the IUD had a longer TTP than longer-term users (5.8 months and 3.8 months, respectively).4 There is no difference in the return to fertility among women who had IUD removal secondary to desire for conception or secondary to IUD complications (pain, bleeding, pelvic inflammatory disease, expulsion, or vaginal discharge).3),6),7)

The IUD is not only a highly efficacious contraceptive. However, IUD also offers a prompt return to fertility. Return to fertility comes with possible exception of nulliparous women who use the IUD for 78 months or longer.

IUD as contraceptive

IUD as contraceptive

IUDs As A Contraceptive

Hormonal IUD or Hormonal IUS work by releasing levonorgestrel which damages sperms, contains sperms within the uterus and prevents the endometrium from developing to deter a fertilised egg from implanting and growing. Hormonal IUDs work for up to five years and are noted for reducing menstrual bleeding by as much as 95%, as a treatment of endometriosis and prevention of uterine cancer.

Copper IUD or ParaGard is a T-shaped plastic frame that has a copper wire coiled around the stem and two copper sleeves along the arms that continuously release copper to bathe the lining of the uterus. ParaGard produces an inflammatory reaction in the uterus that is toxic to sperm, which helps prevent fertilisation.

Copper IUD or Paraguard Side-Effects

Anaemia – Backache – Bleeding between periods – Cramps – Inflammation of the vagina (vaginitis) – Pain during sex – Severe menstrual pain and heavy bleeding – Vaginal discharge

Statistics show that less than two women in 100 will get pregnant over five years. This is the same as the pill, only if you take it properly. If you take it late or have a funny tummy, for example,  it is not effective. Antibiotics can also affect the reliability of the combined pill. This might account for the reported failure rates: 0.8 per cent for a copper IUD, the Mirena coil 0.2 per cent and the pill nine per cent. Less than 1 percent of women who use ParaGard will get pregnant in the first year of typical use. If you do conceive while using ParaGard, you’re at higher risk of an ectopic pregnancy — when the fertilised egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. However, because ParaGard prevents most pregnancies, the overall risk of having an ectopic pregnancy is lower than it is for other sexually active women who don’t use contraception.

ParaGard offers effective, long-term contraception. It can be used in premenopausal women of all ages, including teenagers. Among various benefits, ParaGard:

Eliminates the need to interrupt sex for contraception or seek partner compliance
Can remain in place for up to 10 years
Can be removed at any time, followed by a quick return to fertility
Decreases the risk of endometrial cancer and possibly cervical cancer
Can be used while breast-feeding — though there may be an increased risk of perforation or expulsion when inserted soon after delivery
Doesn’t carry the risk of side effects related to hormonal birth control methods
Can be used for emergency contraception if inserted within five days after unprotected sex

ParaGard isn’t appropriate for everyone, however. Your health care provider may discourage use of ParaGard if you:

Have uterine abnormalities that interfere with the placement or retention of ParaGard. Have a pelvic infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease. Have uterine or cervical cancer. Have unexplained vaginal bleeding. Are allergic to any component of ParaGard. Have a disorder that causes too much copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs (Wilson’s disease). Have or are at high risk of a sexually transmitted infection, and won’t use condoms. Had previous problems with an IUD

Possible side effects of Mirena IUS

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Acne; breast pain or tenderness; changes in menstrual bleeding (eg, spotting); dizziness, bleeding, or cramping during placement.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chills; fever; mental or mood changes (eg, depression); missed menstrual period; painful sexual intercourse; prolonged heavy menstrual bleeding; severe or persistent headache (eg, migraine); severe pain or tenderness in the abdomen or pelvis; unusual or odorous vaginal discharge; unusual vaginal swelling or bleeding.

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Mirena IUS. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Azole antifungals (eg, ketoconazole), barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), bosentan, carbamazepine, felbamate, griseofulvin, protease inhibitors (eg, indinavir, boceprevir), hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), modafinil, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) (eg, nevirapine), oxcarbazepine, rifampin, St. John’s wort, or topiramate because they may decrease the amount of levonorgestrel in the blood. Talk with your doctor if you have questions about whether these medicines may affect Mirena iud
  • Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin) because the risk of their side effects may be increased or decreased by Mirena IUD
  • Troleandomycin because the risk of liver problems may be increased
  • Lamotrigine because its effectiveness may be decreased. Blood levels and side effects of lamotrigine may be increased when Mirena IUD is stopped

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Mirena IUS may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

Use Mirena IUS as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • An extra patient leaflet is available with Mirena iud. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
  • Before using this product, read the patient insert and discuss the information, as well as other birth control methods, with your health care provider.
  • This product will be inserted by a qualified health care provider in a medical setting.
  • Your period may be irregular during the first 3 to 6 months of use.
  • The IUD may be left in place for up to 5 years. If you wish to continue to use this method of birth control for longer than 5 years, your doctor will need to remove the old IUD and replace it with a new one.
  • You may have your doctor remove the IUD at any time if you decide you no longer wish to use this method of birth control.
  • If you are using this product and your current IUD has been in place for longer than 5 years, contact your doctor right away.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Mirena IUS. Important Safety Information:

  • This product does not protect against HIV or other STDs.
  • Contact your doctor immediately if either you or your partner develops HIV infection, an STD, or symptoms of an STD or genital infection (eg, genital sores schlafmaske seide) . You may need to use a barrier method of birth control (eg, condoms). You will need to discuss with your doctor if this product is still right for you.
  • Contact your doctor right away if you experience a change in your health while you use this product, especially if you develop severe or persistent headaches (eg, migraine), symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the eyes or skin; dark urine; pale stools; severe or persistent nausea, stomach pain, or loss of appetite), high blood pressure, or if you have a heart attack or stroke. You will need to discuss with your doctor if this product is still right for you.
  • Diabetes patients – Mirena iud may affect your blood sugar  kaschmir decke. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
  • If you experience severe pain, bleeding, or dizziness within hours after the device is inserted, contact your doctor right away.
  • This medication device may sometimes come out by itself or move out of place. This may result in pregnancy or other problems. Check after each menstrual period to make sure you can locate the thread from the IUD that extends through the cervix kuscheldecke baumwolle. Do not pull on the thread. If the device comes out or you cannot feel its threads, call your doctor right away and use a backup birth control method (eg, condoms).
  • Lab tests, including a complete physical exam, pelvic exam, Pap smear, uterine ultrasound, pregnancy tests, liver function tests, x-ray, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use Mirena iud decke kaufen. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Do not use Mirena IUS if you are pregnant. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. You may be at risk of serious complications. This may include an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus), a serious and sometimes fatal condition decke schurwolle.If you become pregnant and the pregnancy is inside the uterus, you may be at risk of serious complications, including severe infection, miscarriage, premature delivery, or death. Mirena iud is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Mirena iud, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.


1)  Belhadj H, Sivin I, Diaz S, et al. Recovery of fertility after use of the levonorgestrel 20 mcg/d or Copper T 380 Ag intrauterine device. Contraception. 1986;34(3):261-267.

2) Sivin I, Stern J, Diaz S, et al. Rates and outcomes of planned pregnancy after use of Norplant capsules, Norplant II rods, or levonorgestrel-releasing or copper TCu 380Ag intrauterine contraceptive devices. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992;166(4):1208-1213. 

3) Vessey MP, Lawless M, McPherson K, Yeates D. Fertility after stopping use of intrauterine contraceptive device. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1983;286(6359):106. 

4) Randic L, Vlasic S, Matrljan I, Waszak CS. Return to fertility after IUD removal for planned pregnancy. Contraception. 1985;32(3):253-259. 

5) Andolsek L, Teeter RA, Kozuh-Novak M, Wheeler R, Fortney JA, Rosenberg MJ. Time to conception after IUD removal: importance of duration of use, IUD type, pelvic inflammatory disease and age. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1986;24(3):217-223. 

6) Wilson JC. A prospective New Zealand study of fertility after removal of copper intrauterine contraceptive devices for conception and because of complications: a four-year study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989;160(2):391-396. 

7) Hov GG, Skjeldestad FE, Hilstad T. Use of IUD and subsequent fertility—follow-up after participation in a randomized clinical trial. Contraception. 2007;75(2):88-92. 

8) Belhadj H, Sivin I, Diaz S, et al. Recovery of fertility after use of the levonorgestrel 20 mcg/d or Copper T 380 Ag intrauterine device. Contraception. 1986;34(3):261-267.

9) Doll H, Vessey M, Painter R. Return of fertility in nulliparous women after discontinuation of the intrauterine device: comparison with women discontinuing other methods of contraception. BJOG. 2001;108(3):304-314. 



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Is Fasting Healthy For The Body?

Intermittent fasting

FASTING e.g. Ramadan can wreak havoc with blood glucose and insulin levels. Why do some actually LOSE WEIGHT during Ramadan? Read on to find out…
FAQs: Is fasting healthy for diabetics? Why do I gain weight during Ramadan? Are there any health benefits to fasting? Can I IMPROVE BRAIN plasticity and HEALTH by FASTING INTERMITTENTLY? READ ON….

Is Fasting Healthy For The Body?

Benefits of fasting – what happens when the body fasts:

After a few hours of fasting, the body starts to burn fat. Also cholesterol is broken down into beneficial bile acids. This is like a lightbulb inside the brain switches on only at night (when you are fasting) this highlights energy pathways used in: RREE

REPAIR. RENEWAL. The liver shuts down glucose production for several hours, lowering blood glucose levels. Instead of ending up in the bloodstream, extra glucose is used to repair damaged cells and make new DNA, which can help prevent chronic inflammation. ENZYMATIC ACTION. ENERGY RELEASE. Meanwhile, liver enzymes are activated and help in the creation of brown fat (the good kind, which converts extra calories to heat). RREE

  • Weight loss
  • Life Extension
  • Gut health
  • Will power

Weight loss

Fasting can make exercising for fat loss more efficient. In turn, exercising makes fasting easier. Burning fat also releases something called ‘glycerol’ from your body-fat stores. When the fatty acids are released, so is the glycerol. Glycerol is a valuable precursor for gluconeogenesis [a metabolic pathway] in the liver that helps keep blood glucose stable.

However, there are studies of obese people developing Candida albicans infections when fasting causes ketosis. So there’s evidence pointing to the idea that KETONE PRODUCTION is not a good idea. Read more about this here. 

intermittent fasting

intermittent fasting

Life extension

Studies indicate that short-term fasting can increase longevity, HELP REGULATE GLUCOSE LEVELS, and help treat everything from ASTHMA and AUTOIMMUNE diseases to CARDIAC arrhythmias.

Exercise! Yes, EXERCISE and intermittent fasting improve brain plasticity and health according to this study. 

Gut health

Caloric restriction might mediate its health-promoting effects on the body by inducing a healthy gut microbiota or gut microbiome. 

A Calorie restricted diet reduces the abundance of bacteria that correlate negatively with lifespan. These changes are associated with reduced serum levels of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein – a marker often associated with inflammation. This suggests that reduced inflammation caused by antigens from gut bacteria might be one of the health benefits transmitted by caloric restriction.

Calorie restriction diet

Calorie restriction or a calorie restriction diet is not necessarily the same as fasting or intermittent fasting. Further studies are needed to clarify how these structural changes in the gut microbiota may extend lifespan. Also further studies are needed to validate whether they could serve as biomarkers for the development of dietary anti-ageing interventions.

Is Fasting Healthy For The Body?

Will Power

Taking ownership of our health requires determination and will power to do so. Fasting or intermittent fasting can help build up your phycological capabilities or mental strength like re-training your mind or remapping neuro-pathways in your brain so that your will have a memory of this healthy behaviour, or the feelings associated with fasting, for life.

Hunger and weight loss DO NOT always go hand in hand. Fasting can ‘remind’ your body this long-term.



The body relies on key nutrients to eliminate toxins, build healthy tissue and more. Therefore, intermittent fasting can cause problems for people who are not generally well nourished.

If you are suffering from autoimmune or chronic illness e.g. diabetes, CVD it is SAFE to seek advice regarding fasting around your Naturopathic Portfolio 


Gluten Free Fiber

Gluten free food is available now more than ever. Gluten free recipes too. William Davis’ book “Wheat Belly” drew attention to wheat and gluten consumption on belly fat. Stars like Gwyneth Paltrow of GOOP swear by a gluten-free diet. Tennis star Novak Djokovic eats gluten-free.

BUT IS A GLUTEN FREE DIET HEALTHY? Djokovic suggested the secret of his best season ever in 2011 was going gluten-free.

Gluten free recipes or gluten free food; food free from gluten don’t contain gliadin. That doesn’t mean they’re healthy. 

Nutritious whole grains aren’t always found in gluten free cereal.
Wholegrains are part of a heart healthy diet.

Unless fortified, what do we get from gluten free food nutrient wise? Now we’ve lots of Gluten free cereal to choose from.

Whole grain

WHAT’S SO GREAT ABOUT WHOLEGRAINS? Wholegrains can provide us with enough fibre and help us meet our RDA vitamins. Eating the right type of fibre or fiber and the right amount RDA of fibre can help improve our cardiovascular and overall health. 2 factors prevent us from eating enough fibre. Whether it’s fibre or fiber in your part of the world 🙂

i) Food labels. Names listed on food labs be confusing.
ii) Gluten free diets

According to Coeliac UK most people in the UK do not eat enough fibre and knowing about whole grain gluten free foods is one way to increase fibre intake. 
Adults in the UK should have 18 grams of fibre daily. There are no recommendations for children, but they should eat proportionally less.

Healthy Gluten Free Diet

Where am I getting my whole grains from? Can you get whole grain gluten free foods?
On a Gluten free Diet because you’ve accurately diagnosed with coeliac disease? Or on a GF diet because you’ve identified with gluten intolerance ? Don’t miss out on nature’s super healthy outer layers of unrefined whole grain.

whole grain gluten free foods

whole grain gluten free foods

The “whole” in whole grains. To get your whole grain gluten free foods we should understand what is a whole grain exactly. In their original, unprocessed state, grains like wheat, oats, kasha and rice have outer layers or coats. These layers contain healthy vitamins, minerals and fiber as well as carbohydrates, some protein and healthy, unsaturated fats. A breakdown of the healthy layers:

  • Bran – Outer layer of the grain that contains fiber, antioxidants, B vitamins, phytochemicals, and 50-80% of minerals in grains like iron, copper, zinc, magnesium
  • Endosperm – middle largest layer containing mostly carbohydrates, protein, and small amounts of some B vitamins and minerals – Refined grains are mainly composed of only the endosperm portion of the grain. The milling process removes most of the bran and some germ, along with the majority of fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and phytochemicals. As much as 75% of phytochemicals (phytonutrients) are lost in the refining process!
  • Germ – inner component containing healthy fats, B vitamins, phytochemicals, and antioxidants like vitamin E

In humans phytochemicals can help to protect against chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, type 2-diabetes and cancer. Hundreds of different phytochemicals exist in whole grains!

whole grain gluten free foods

So now you’re convinced of the power of whole grains. Here’s how to get them on your plate and in your gut for good gut health and a chance at keeping your blood sugar stable, feeling fuller for longer and avoiding weight gain on a gluten free diet.

Your Naturopathic Portfolio is Safe. Clinical. Practical. Effective.

5 Wholegrain Gluten free Foods      [tweetthis]5 Wholegrain Gluten free Foods[/tweetthis]

1) Teff 2) Buckwheat 3) Amaranth 4) Millet 5) Teff … EAT DRINK TAKE MAKE … whole grain gluten free foods

Teff: This smallest of grains is nutty and earthy in flavor. Use 3 parts water to 1 part teff. Boil water, add grain and simmer for 15 to 20 minutes. The texture of teff is like cream of wheat and the flour can be used to make pancakes. You can add cooked teff to soup or use teff as the main ingredient for polenta instead of cornmeal.

Buckwheat: Despite its name, buckwheat is not related to wheat. So we can include it as one of our 5 whole grain gluten free foods. Buckwheat is pyramid shaped and known as kasha or buckwheat groats. To bring out its earthy flavour, you can cook 1 cup buckwheat with one egg in a large deep non-stick pan over medium heat. Do no forget to stir the buckwheat. This keeps it from clumping until the mixture is dry and separated. Add 2 cups water or broth and cook uncovered over low heat for about 15 minutes. You can mix cooked buckwheat with lentils or other pulses, herbs and a bit of goat cheese or ricotta (casein free). Or Alternatively use it as to stuff bell peppers, courgettes, aubergines, squash, rolled cabbage leaves, squash, etc. Buckwheat flour can be used to make buckwheat pancakes.

Quinoa: Quinoa must be rinsed well before cooking to remove bitter-tasting saponins.  Quinoa cooks in just 15 minutes. Use 2 parts water to 1 part quinoa. You can use quinoa in an array of salads e.g. instead of bulgur to make tabbouleh. Quinoa is also a good substitute for rice in dessert rice pudding.

Amaranth: Amaranth is approx. the size of a poppy seed and has a light peppery taste. It’s one of the best savoury whole grain gluten free foods. You can use 3 to 6 parts water to 1 part amaranth. Boil water, add grain and gently boil for 15 to 20 minutes. As it cooks, amaranth softens from the inside, releases a lot of starch and thickens the cooking liquid. Rinse cooked amaranth and let it drain before using. You can use amaranth to thicken soups and stews. You might want to add milk, seasonal fruit and raw honey for a healthy breakfast. You can even “pop” dried amaranth and make it into a granola-type bar.

Gluten Free Diet

Gluten Free Diet

Millet: Millet is about the size of a small mustard seed, this grain has a mild flavor. Use 2 to 3 parts water to 1 part millet. Boil water, add grain and gently boil for 35 to 40 minutes. You may also “toast” millet in a hot pan before boiling to get a nuttier flavor. Top millet with ground fresh cinnamon bark and seasonal fruit for breakfast or add to make a salad with tomatoes, radishes and chopped basil, for example. Millet is also a great alternative to rice in casseroles, meat dishes and stuffing.

Always read the label. The first ingredient listed should say “100 percent whole grain.” Avoid any food that mentions the phrase “enriched” or “refined.” Look for the Whole Grain Stamp from the nonprofit Whole Grains Council. The “Whole Grain” stamp tells you that the product contains at least a half serving of whole grains.

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Child’s Environmental Allergies


Addressing your child’s environmental allergies? Allergies aren’t always easy to identify. Know if your child is prone to allergies to begin with– it’s a good start. Naturopath and Osteopath Susannah with special interests in functional nutrition answers readers of Small Magazine ‘s question:

My husband suffers from environmental allergies so we’re worried about our child developing them, too. What should we look out for? 

Susannah Makram, registered Naturopath and Osteopath answer RE: Your child’s environmental allergies

A child who sneezes or coughs a lot, who frequently develops a skin rash, hives (urticarial) or eczema (atopic dermatitis), asthma or difficulty breathing may have environmental allergies. Hives often itch or sting and can spread. Skin is red and irritated with eczema and occasionally results in small, fluid-filled bumps that may become moist and ooze, typically across the child’s extremities.

Any child may develop such allergies, and they are more common in children from families with a history of such reactions – notably, allergic reactions share a genetic link, while specific allergies do not. Studies also show a gender-specific genetic link in inherited allergies.

Allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, is the most common childhood ailment caused by allergies. Symptoms include a runny and itchy nose, sneezing, postnasal drip and nasal congestion. If you suspect your toddler has allergies, look out for itchy, watery, red eyes and chronic or recurrent ear problems.

Allergy Symptoms

Allergies and asthma often occur together. The same substances that trigger hay fever symptoms may also cause asthma signs and symptoms, such as shortness of breath, wheezing and chest tightness. This is called allergic asthma or allergy-induced asthma. Certain substances, such as pollen, dust mites and pet dander, are common triggers.

Most Common allergens

Allergies are the most common cause of chronic nasal congestion (a stuffy nose) in children. Your child’s nose may be congested to the point that he or she is breathing through their mouth, especially whilst asleep, which can lead to tiredness or irritability the next day. If nasal congestion and mouth-breathing are left untreated, they can affect the growth of teeth and the bones of the face.

Allergies lead to inflammation in the ear and may cause fluid accumulation that can promote ear infections and decreased hearing. As a baby whose hearing is impaired for any reason while learning to talk, your toddler may develop poor speech.

The most to least common allergens: pollen, grass, dust mites, moulds and weeds, so do observe your toddler around these.

Allergy Food

Ninety per cent of food-allergic reactions are to peanuts, eggs, milk, (shell)fish, wheat, soy, tree nuts.

All allergies range in severity from minor irritation to anaphylaxis —a potentially life-threatening emergency. Anaphylaxis causes confusion, rapid heart beat/palpitations, swelling of lips, tongue, throat, bluish skin, nausea, dizziness, fainting. If you suspect that your child is suffering from allergies, make an appointment with your GP or a paediatric allergy specialist to assess the situation.

Signs Your Child Has Allergies

Signs your child has allergies

Susannah Answers readers questions about their children’s environmental allergies in the June Summer 2015 Issue of Smallish Magazine.

A lots of parents worry about children’s food allergies but sometimes environmental allergies can require attention as well. It can be difficult to know when you child is most susceptible. What signs should you look out for in children who are susceptible to allergies? What are the most common symptoms of allergies?


My husband suffers from environmental allergies so we’re worried about our child developing them, too. What should we look out for?


A child who sneezes or coughs a lot, who frequently develops a skin rash, hives (urticaria) or eczema (atopic dermatitis), asthma or difficulty breathing may have environmental allergies. Hives often itch or sting and can spread. Skin is red and irritated with eczema and occasionally results in small, fluid-filled bumps that may become moist and ooze, typically across the child’s extremities.

Any child may develop such allergies, and they are more common in children…

Read the rest of Susannah’s answer here


Safe, clinical, practical and effective.

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